Allergies occur when your body's defence system (immune system) overreacts to certain substances. The immune system treats a harmless substance as if it were a harmful germ or virus. Many things can cause this to happen. Examples include pollens, medicine, food, dust, animal dander, and mould.
Your allergies are seasonal if you have symptoms just at certain times of the year. In that case, you are probably allergic to pollens from certain trees, grasses, or weeds.
Allergies can be mild or severe. Over-the-counter allergy medicine may help with some symptoms. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
Managing your allergies is an important part of staying healthy. Your doctor may suggest that you have tests to help find the cause of your allergies. When you know what things trigger your symptoms, you can avoid them. This can prevent allergy symptoms and other health problems.
In some cases, immunotherapy might help. For this treatment, you get shots or use pills that have a small amount of certain allergens in them. Your body "gets used to" the allergen, so you react less to it over time. This kind of treatment may help prevent or reduce some allergy symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of seasonal allergies include:
Itchy, watery eyes.
Runny, stuffy, or itchy nose.
Temporary loss of smell.
Headache and fatigue.
Dark circles under the eyes ("allergic shiners").
Drainage from the nose down the back of the throat (post-nasal drip).
Sore throat or coughing.
Seasonal allergies occur at the same time of the year every year if you continue to live in the same part of the country.
How can you treat seasonal allergies?
Home treatment is usually all you need to treat seasonal allergies. For example:
Clean the inside of your nose with salt water. This can clear a stuffy nose.
Author: Healthwise Staff Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine Rohit K Katial MD - Allergy and Immunology
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Rohit K Katial MD - Allergy and Immunology
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