Seasonal allergies occur at the same time of the year every year, if you continue to live in the same part of the country. Hay fever (also called allergic rhinitis) is the most common seasonal allergy.
What are the symptoms of seasonal allergies?
Symptoms of seasonal allergies include:
Itchy, watery eyes.
Runny, stuffy, or itchy nose.
Temporary loss of smell.
Headache and fatigue.
Dark circles under the eyes ("allergic shiners").
Drainage from the nose down the back of the throat (post-nasal drip).
Sore throat or coughing.
How can you help prevent seasonal allergies?
Seasonal allergies, such as hay fever, are often caused by exposure to pollen. You can reduce your exposure to pollen by:
Keeping your house and car windows closed.
Limiting the time you spend outside when pollen counts are high (during midday and afternoon).
Wearing a pollen mask or dust mask if you need to mow the lawn.
Limiting your mowing tasks if you can.
Rinsing your eyes with cool water or saline eyedrops to remove clinging pollen after you come indoors.
Taking a shower and changing your clothes after you work or play outside.
How can you treat seasonal allergies?
The following home treatment measures may help relieve your symptoms:
Clean the inside of your nose with salt water to clear a stuffy nose.
To relieve a stuffy nose, use a steroid nasal spray (such as Nasacort). A steroid nasal spray can also help with red, itchy, watery eyes.
Another way to relieve a stuffy nose is a nasal or oral decongestant (such as Sudafed PE). Decongestants may not be safe for young children or for people who have certain health problems.
For itchy, watery eyes; sneezing; or a runny, itchy nose, try a non-sedating over-the-counter antihistamine, like fexofenadine (such as Allegra) or loratadine (such as Claritin). Older antihistamines, like chlorpheniramine (such as Chlor-Tripolon) and diphenhydramine (such as Benadryl), are less expensive but can make you feel sleepy or tired. Don't give antihistamines to your child unless you've checked with the doctor first.
If your symptoms still bother you, ask your doctor if immunotherapy might help you. For this treatment, you get allergy shots or use pills that have a small amount of certain allergens in them. Your body "gets used to" the allergen, so you react less to it over time. This kind of treatment may help prevent or reduce some allergy symptoms.
Author: Healthwise Staff Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine Rohit K Katial MD - Allergy and Immunology
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Rohit K Katial MD - Allergy and Immunology
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