Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the term for severe birth defects caused by heavy alcohol use during pregnancy.
Children with FAS may have:
- Distinctive facial features, which include a small head, flat face, narrow eye openings, a short upturned nose, a flattened groove between the nose and the upper lip (philtrum), and a thin upper lip.
- Low birth weight and slowed growth.
- Central nervous system abnormalities, including small head size, intellectual disability, poor fine motor skills, or poor eye-hand coordination.
- Behaviour and thinking (cognitive) problems, which may include poor attention, concentration, memory, and comprehension skills; difficulty with math skills; hyperactivity; and extreme mood changes.
A child with FAS may also have birth defects that involve the eyes, ears, heart, urinary tract, or bones.
Current as of: September 20, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & John Pope MD - Pediatrics & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Louis Pellegrino MD - Developmental Pediatrics & Lesley Ryan MD - Family Medicine