Get all vaccines on time.
Immunization has saved more lives in Canada in the last 50 years than any other health measure.
What is the Tdap-IPV vaccine?
The Tdap-IPV vaccine protects against 4 diseases:
- Pertussis (whooping cough)
The vaccine is approved by Health Canada and is provided free. Call your health care provider to make an appointment.
Who should get the Tdap-IPV vaccine?
The vaccine is provided free to people 7 years of age and older who need protection against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and polio. This includes those who have not received the recommended number of doses of vaccines for their age or those with an unknown history of immunization.
Most children in B.C. get immunized against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and polio earlier in childhood with other vaccines as part of the routine immunization schedule.
For more information see the following HealthLinkBC Files:
- HealthLinkBC File #105 Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Polio, and Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib) Vaccine
- HealthLinkBC File #15b Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio, Haemophilus influenzae Type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) Vaccine
- HealthLinkBC File #15d Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio (DTaP-IPV) Vaccine
It is important to keep a record of all immunizations received.
What are the benefits of Tdap-IPV vaccine?
The Tdap-IPV vaccine is the best way to protect against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and polio, which are serious and sometimes fatal diseases.
When you get your child immunized, you help protect others as well.
What are the possible reactions after the vaccine?
Vaccines are very safe. It is safer to get the vaccine than to get the disease.
Common reactions to the vaccine may include soreness, redness and swelling where the vaccine was given. Fever, chills, headache and fatigue may also occur. These reactions are mild and generally last 1 to 2 days. Large areas of redness and swelling may be present but these generally do not interfere with normal activity.
For more information on Reye Syndrome, see HealthLinkBC File #84 Reye Syndrome.
It is important to stay in the clinic for 15 minutes after getting any vaccine because there is an extremely rare possibility, less than 1 in a million, of a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This may include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the throat, tongue or lips. Should this reaction occur, your health care provider is prepared to treat it. Emergency treatment includes administration of epinephrine (adrenalin) and transport by ambulance to the nearest emergency department. If symptoms develop after you leave the clinic, call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
It is important to always report serious or unexpected reactions to your health care provider.
Who should not get the Tdap-IPV vaccine?
Speak with your health care provider if you or your child has had a life-threatening reaction to a previous dose of a tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis or polio vaccine, or any component of the vaccine, including neomycin, polymyxin B, or streptomycin. The vaccine is not given to children under 4 years of age.
People who developed Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) within 8 weeks of getting a tetanus vaccine, without another cause being identified, should not get the Tdap-IPV vaccine. GBS is a rare condition that can result in weakness and paralysis of the body's muscles. It most commonly occurs after infections, but in rare cases can also occur after some vaccines.
There is no need to delay getting immunized because of a cold or other mild illness. However, if you have concerns, speak with your health care provider.
What are Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Polio?
Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is caused by bacteria mostly found in the soil. When the bacteria enter the skin through a cut or scrape, they produce a poison that can cause painful tightening of muscles all over the body. It is very serious if the breathing muscles are affected. Up to 1 in 5 people who get tetanus may die.
Diphtheria is a serious infection of the nose and throat caused by diphtheria bacteria. The bacteria are spread through the air by people sneezing or coughing and by direct skin-to-skin contact. The disease can result in very serious breathing problems. It can also cause heart failure and paralysis. About 1 in 10 people who get diphtheria may die.
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a serious infection of the airways caused by pertussis bacteria. Pertussis can cause pneumonia, seizures, brain damage or death. These complications are seen most often in infants. The bacteria are easily spread by coughing, sneezing or close face-to-face contact. Pertussis can cause severe coughing that often ends with a whooping sound before the next breath. This cough can last several months and occurs more often at night. About 1 in 170 infants who get pertussis may die. For more information about pertussis, see HealthLinkBC File #15c Pertussis (Whooping Cough).
Polio is a disease caused by infection with a virus. While most polio infections show no symptoms, others can result in paralysis of arms or legs and even death. Paralysis occurs in about 1 in 200 people infected with the polio virus. Polio can be spread by contact with the bowel movements (stool) of an infected person. This can happen from eating food or drinking water contaminated with stool.
Tetanus, diphtheria and polio are now rare in B.C. because of routine childhood immunization programs. Whooping cough still occurs but is much less common than it used to be and is much milder in immunized people.