Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the flushing of sperm directly into the uterus. This is done through a thin, flexible tube (catheter).
Artificial insemination (AI) is the placement of sperm into a woman's cervix or vagina. The sperm then travel into the uterus and fallopian tubes, where they may fertilize an egg.
See a picture of the female reproductive system.
- Can be done with sperm from the male partner or a donor.
- Are done during the most fertile part of a woman's cycle (ovulation).
- Can be combined with superovulation treatment to increase the chances of conception. Superovulation uses medicine or hormones to promote multiple egg production.
- Do not require surgery.
Insemination procedures can improve your chances of conceiving a pregnancy, especially when combined with superovulation treatment.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Current as of: May 29, 2019
Author: Healthwise Staff
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Femi Olatunbosun MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology