Ménière's (say "men-YEERS") disease is a disorder of the inner ear that affects hearing and balance. It causes sudden attacks of vertigo (a spinning sensation), tinnitus (a loud ringing in the ears), and hearing loss that may be temporary or permanent. The cause of Ménière's disease is not known, but it may be related to a fluid imbalance in the inner ear.
Treatment includes medicines and sometimes surgery. Avoiding salt, caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and stress may prevent attacks.