The following tips can help you prevent the spread of the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Inform the people you live with and/or have sex with about your illness as soon as possible. If you have long-term (chronic) HBV infection, you can infect others with the virus even if you have no symptoms of illness.
Do not donate blood or blood products, organs, semen, or eggs (ova).
Stop all sexual activity or use latex condoms until your doctor has told you that you can no longer give hepatitis B to others. People with chronic HBV infection should always use condoms during any sexual activity.
Do not share your personal toiletry articles, such as razors, toothbrushes, towels, or nail files, with anyone else.
Try to minimize chapped skin by using a moisturizer. Chapping can lead to breaks in the skin, which can expose others to your blood.
Advise your doctor, dentist, and anyone else who may come in contact with your blood about your illness.
If you are pregnant, tell the health professional who will deliver your baby about your illness. Be sure your baby gets hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and the first shot of the hepatitis B vaccination series within 12 hours after birth. Make sure your baby gets the rest of the hepatitis B vaccine shots on schedule.
Children who have hepatitis B should be taught not to bite or scratch others.
Clean or carefully dispose of your clothing or other articles that become soiled with your blood.
Clean toilet seats, countertops, floors, and other surfaces that have your blood or any other body fluid (semen and vaginal fluids, including menstrual blood) on them with a solution of bleach and water. To dilute household bleach, follow the directions on the label.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Elizabeth T. Russo, MD - Internal Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerW. Thomas London, MD - Internal Medicine, Hepatology