Glucocorticoid medicines (such as budesonide and dexamethasone) decrease
inflammation and swelling in the body. Some children who have croup symptoms get this medicine to help prevent croup from getting worse.
Dexamethasone may be given either orally or by
injection into the muscle (IM). Although one dose may be all that is needed,
your child may be given a few more doses to take by mouth at
Glucocorticoids have been shown to work well for children who
have croup symptoms. Children usually get relief within 6 hours of having the
medicine. And serious side effects are rare when one dose is given.
Russell KF, et al. (2011). Glucocorticoids for croup. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9).
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerThomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics