An abnormal Pap test shows that cells in the cervix have changed from a normal to an abnormal appearance. Only a small number of abnormal Pap test results are cell changes that may progress to cervical cancer. Abnormal cell changes of the cervix rarely cause symptoms. So it is important to have regular Pap tests to find cell changes.
A Pap test is done to look for changes in the cells of the cervix. During a Pap test, a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix is collected by a doctor. The sample is then spread or smeared on a slide (Pap smear) or mixed in a liquid and sent to a lab to be examined under a microscope.
Many abnormal Pap tests are caused by an infection of human papillomavirus (HPV) that will go away on its own and will not lead to cancer.
There are several choices for managing minor cervical cell changes. One of your choices may be watchful waiting. Treatments for moderate to severe cell changes destroy or remove the abnormal tissue.
Current as of: September 8, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Sarah Marshall MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology & Kevin C. Kiley MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology