It is normal for your child to be moody or somewhat grouchy as they get older. But if your child is sad or grouchy for a long time or seems to take less pleasure in activities they used to enjoy, it could point to depression. Depression is not a normal part of growing up. Deciding whether your child's behaviour is normal or is a symptom of depression can be hard.
Having a family history of depression, substance use disorder, or anxiety increases your child's risk for depression. A child is also more likely to become depressed if a parent is depressed.
Your child may need to be checked for depression if your child:
Feels sad, guilty, or hopeless.
Is in an irritable mood much of the time.
Has lost interest in activities they usually enjoy.
Has trouble sleeping or is sleeping too much.
Has had changes in eating habits that led to weight gain or loss or not making expected weight gains.
Always feels tired or has no energy.
Has body movements that seem slow, restless, or agitated.
Has difficulty thinking and making decisions.
Has been thinking about death or feeling suicidal.
But younger children may have more physical symptoms, like stomach aches. This is because it may be hard for them to describe how they feel.
Most children will have some unexplained sadness or boredom now and then. Asking your child a few questions about how they are feeling may help you decide if your child needs to see a health professional for possible depression. These questions might include the following:
Do you feel angry most of the time?
Do you feel sad every day?
Do you laugh with your friends?
Do you feel happy when you are doing things you enjoy, like a favourite hobby or a sport?
Do you feel like you get upset easily and you don't know why?
Do you stay sad or mad for a long time?
While questions such as these will not diagnose depression, they can open the doors of communication with your child and help you decide whether your child needs to be checked by a health professional.
Medical Review:John Pope MD - Pediatrics & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & David A. Brent MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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