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Just like her body, your toddler's vision will develop over time as she grows. Here's some advice for protecting little eyes, and recognizing when there might be a problem.
To foster your toddler’s development of healthy vision:
- Provide protection from harmful sun exposure by having him wear sunglasses with 99 100% UVA and UVB protection.
- Show your toddler visual items such as mobiles, colourful images and patterns.
- Encourage your toddler to climb, play with a ball and big puzzles, build with blocks, and look at books.
- Do not allow your toddler to play with sharp items (darts, scissors, or any pointed object).
- Limit the amount of TV your toddler watches to no more than one hour a day, if at all.
- Keep your toddler at least three metres (eight to 10 feet) away from a TV screen.
- Provide healthy food.
Vision problems often have a family history. If you know of vision problems in your family, your child's eyes should be examined by an eye doctor (optometrist or ophthalmologist) by 3 years of age or earlier, especially if you notice any concerns.
Here are some signs that could indicate vision problems in your toddler:
- Difficulty following objects or people with eyes.
- Constantly rubbing eyes, squinting, or frowning.
- Blinking more than usual.
- Complaining of a sore head.
- Closing one eye or tilting or holding the head in an unusual position when trying to look at an object.
- Difficulty finding or picking up small objects dropped on the floor (after 12 months of age).
- Trouble focusing or making eye contact.
- Eyes are red or watery or have a discharge.
- Eyes appear to be crossed or turned after six months of age (you may notice this in a photo of your toddler).