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Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Taking Vitamins


How effective are vitamins for age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?

There are many studies being done to see if certain vitamin and mineral supplements and combinations of supplements may help prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The studies are also looking to see if there's delay in vision loss for people who already have it.

Some studies have found that supplementing your diet with high levels of vitamins C, E, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which are all antioxidants, and the minerals zinc and copper may help slow the progress of advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD). They may also help delay vision loss if you already have moderate or severe AMD. There is no evidence that the supplements are helpful if you do not have AMD or only have a mild form of the disease.footnote 1

If you're interested in taking a vitamin or mineral supplement, talk with your doctor about the risks.



  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology Retina/Vitreous Panel (2015). Age-related macular degeneration (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Accessed April 30, 2015.


Current as of: March 1, 2023

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Christopher J. Rudnisky MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology