Content Map Terms
Mental Health & Substance Use Categories
- Mental Health
- Notice: Savour the Moment
- Five Ways to Well-being
- Connect: Build Positive Relationships
- An Active and Healthy Brain
- Keeping an active and healthy mind
- Keep Learning: Open Your Mind
- Keeping Good Mental Well-Being as You Age
- Social Connections
- Depression in Older Adults
- Preventing Elder Abuse and Neglect
- Mental Health and Well-Being
- Alcohol Use
Parenting and Substance Use
- Building Kids’ Resilience
- Keep Having Conversations with Adult Children
- Keep Having Conversations with Kids
- Using Conversations That Teach Resilience: Adult Children
- Using Conversations to Teach Resilience: Kids
- Using Conversations to Teach Resilience: Teens
- How to Get Back on Track after Conflict
- Setting a Healthy Example for Your Kids
- Setting a Healthy Example for Your Teens
- Practicing Good Listening Skills with Teens
- How to Start a Conversation with Teens about Opioids
- Explaining Alcohol to Young Adults
- Opioids and Adult Children
- Tobacco Use
- Why is Using Tobacco So Addictive?
- Seniors and Tobacco
- Quitting Smoking: Dealing With Weight Gain
- Smoking: Health Risk for Family Members
- Interactive Tool: Are You Ready to Quit Smoking?
- Making Positive Changes in Your Life After Quitting Smoking
- Quitting Smoking: Temptations and Cravings
- My Reasons to Quit Smoking
- Quitting Smoking: Getting Support
- Quitting Smoking: Helping Someone Quit
- Quitting Smoking: Preventing Slips or Relapses
- Nancy's Story: Quitting Smoking Takes More Than Willpower
- Nate's Story: Sick of Smoking
- Quitting Smoking: Coping With Cravings and Withdrawal
- Interactive Tool: How Does Smoking Affect Your Lifespan?
- Interactive Tool: How Much Is Smoking Costing You?
- Alcohol & Drug Information Referral Service
- Anxiety Canada
- British Columbia Schizophrenia Society
- BC Mental Health & Substance Use Services
- Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research
- Canadian Mental Health Association - British Columbia
- Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention Centre of BC
- Crisis Line Association of BC
- Early Psychosis Intervention
- Family Smart
- Fraser Health Authority - Mental Health and Substance Use
- First Nations Health Authority – Mental Wellness and Substance Use
- British Columbia Responsible & Problem Gambling Program
- Interior Health Authority – Mental Health and Substance Use
- Jessie’s Legacy
- Kelty Mental Health Resource Centre
- Kids Help Phone
- KUU-US Crisis Line Society
- Mood Disorder Association
- Northern Health Authority – Mental Health and Addiction Services
- Toward the Heart
- Vancouver Coastal Health Authority – Mental Health and Substance Use
British Columbia Specific Information
The BC Smoking Cessation Program helps eligible B.C. residents stop smoking or using other tobacco products by assisting with the cost of smoking cessation prescription drugs or nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products. For more information about the program, including how to get started, visit BC Smoking Cessation Program. For information about the health risks from smoking, tips on how to quit, an overview of smoking cessation aids, and more, see our Quit Smoking health feature. For more tools and resources to help you quit smoking and remain smoke-free, visit Quit Now.
It's not easy to quit smoking. The nicotine in cigarettes is addicting. Your body craves it because it makes you feel good.
So when you try to stop smoking, you go through nicotine withdrawal. You feel awful, and you may worry about gaining weight. You get cranky and anxious. It can be hard to sleep.
You're not the only one. Most people feel bad when they try to quit. The hardest part is not reaching for a smoke to feel better. Use the tips in this Actionset to help you cope. The information also applies if you use chew, snus, or snuff.
- Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal are at their worst during the first couple of days or so after you quit. They may last a few weeks.
- Medicines help ease withdrawal symptoms and craving. This can help you feel better and make it more likely that you won't start smoking again.
- Exercise and healthy eating also may help.
Talk with your doctor
Your doctor can prescribe medicines that can get you through withdrawal. Together, you can plan the best way to use nicotine replacement products or medicine.
If you have questions about this information, print it out and take it with you when you visit your doctor. You may want to mark areas or make notes in the margins where you have questions.
How can you get through it?
Get counselling or other support
Don't try to do it alone. Your doctor can help you learn about medicines or about how to use nicotine replacement therapy. And a support group can keep you on track and motivated. People who use telephone, group, one-on-one, or Internet counselling are more likely to stop smoking. Counsellors can help you with practical ideas to avoid common mistakes and help you succeed.
- Call 1-866-366-3667 or go to gosmokefree.gc.ca/quit to find help in your province. You can find tools, tips, and support to help you quit.
- Ask friends and family for help, especially those who are former smokers.
- Ask friends and family members who are smokers not to smoke around you, and try to avoid situations that remind you of smoking.
- See a counsellor, doctor, or nurse who is trained in helping people quit. The more counselling you get, the better your chances of quitting.
- Enroll in an online or in-person stop-smoking class or program. Your provincial ministry of health or local health unit can help you find a program in your province or territory.
- Try a free quit-smoking app such as U.S. National Cancer Institute's QuitPal. Have friends and family record encouraging video messages that you can play when you are feeling overwhelmed.
- Join a support group of others who are trying to quit.
Many people smoke because nicotine helps them relax. Without the nicotine, they feel uptight and grouchy. But there may be better ways to cope with these feelings, that is, ways that may make dealing with cigarette cravings easier. Try these ideas:
- Take several deep breaths slowly. Hold the last one, then breathe out as slowly as possible. Try to relax all your muscles.
- Try massage, yoga, or the traditional Chinese relaxation exercises tai chi and qi gong.
- Listen to relaxing music. Learn self-hypnosis, meditation, and guided imagery.
- If you can, try to avoid stressful situations when you first stop smoking. If you are like a lot of people who smoke, your main reason for smoking may be that you simply want a break. If this sounds like you, try a non-cigarette break and take a walk or spend time with non-smokers.
These ideas can help you relax. But it's also good to figure out the cause of your stress. Then, learn how to change the way you react to it.
Be more active
Physical activity may help reduce your nicotine cravings and relieve some withdrawal symptoms. It doesn't have to be intense activity. Mild exercise is fine.footnote 1 Being more active also may help you reduce stress and keep your weight down.
When you have the urge to smoke, do something active instead. Walk around the block. Head to the gym. Do some gardening or housework. Take the dog for a walk. Play with the kids.
Get plenty of rest
If you have trouble sleeping, try these tips:
- Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
- Take a warm bath or a relaxing walk before bed.
- Avoid drinking alcohol late in the evening, because it can cause you to wake up in the middle of the night.
- Don't have coffee, black tea, or other drinks with caffeine in the 8 hours before you go to bed.
- Do not take naps, unless you are sure they don't keep you awake at night.
- If you can't sleep, talk to your doctor about medicines to help you sleep while you are first going through withdrawal.
- Before going to bed, avoid using devices with LED-emitting light, as found in some smartphones and other hand-held computers.
- Try meditation or deep breathing before you go to bed.
Eat healthy foods
Quitting smoking increases your appetite. To avoid gaining weight, keep in mind that the secret to weight control is eating healthy food and being more active.
- Don't try to diet. Most people who deprive themselves of food at the same time they are trying to stop smoking have an even harder time of stopping smoking.
- Substitute more fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods for foods that have a lot of sugar or fat.
For more on eating and smoking, see Quitting Smoking: Dealing With Weight Gain.
Reduce demands on your time and energy
Quitting smoking can be harder if you have a lot of work or family demands.
- Try to set your quit date for a time when there are fewer work and family demands.
- Tell your spouse, family, and friends to ask less of you during the first days and weeks that you quit.
- Do something fun with the money you save from not buying cigarettes.
- Be aware that being tired from activity, lack of sleep, or your emotions can make it harder not to smoke.
Use a stop-smoking medicine
Medicines can help you deal with nicotine withdrawal and cigarette cravings. Most medicines also help prevent weight gain. Research shows that they more than double your chances of quitting for good.footnote 2
- Nicotine replacement medicines can help relieve the physical cravings for nicotine. Nicotine patches, gum, lozenges, and inhalers are helpful, especially when you have a strong craving.
- Medicines without nicotine, such as varenicline (Champix) or bupropion (Zyban), can also help you quit smoking. If you take varenicline, you can stop smoking a little bit at a time, which may increase your chance of quitting.
For more on using medicine, see Quitting Smoking: Should I Use Medicine?
Read how others manage
Many people try to quit smoking many times before they can stop for good.
Research shows that you'll be more successful if you get help. Here's how a few people finally managed to quit.
It took Michael seven tries to quit smoking.
"It's awful. My craving for cigarettes was very, very strong," he says. "You just become so frustrated. You feel all this pent-up energy and don't know how to relieve it.
"And you could just go to the corner store and buy a pack and end the misery. . . That's what I would end up doing."
He finally managed to quit by using nicotine patches. He's been smoke-free for nearly 4 years.
Eric had his first cigarette when he was 12. By age 23, he was tearing through a pack and a half a day.
He tried quitting "cold turkey." He tried nicotine gum. Neither worked for him. So he tried nicotine patches.
The patches made him feel sick for a few days. The first week without cigarettes felt like torture, because his cravings were so strong. But when he started using gum along with the patch, the cravings became bearable. In 5 weeks, he had managed to stop smoking.
- Taylor AH, et al. (2007). The acute effects of exercise on cigarette cravings, withdrawal symptoms, affect and smoking behaviour: A systematic review. Addiction, 102(4): 534–543.
- Stead LF, et al. (2012). Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (11).
Current as of: March 22, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Elizabeth T. Russo MD - Internal Medicine
John Hughes MD - Psychiatry
Christine R. Maldonado PhD - Behavioral Health
Current as of: March 22, 2023
Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Important Phone Numbers
If you or someone you know needs help, call one of the numbers below:
- 9-1-1 if you are in an emergency.
- 8-1-1 for non-emergency information on how to access alternatives to toxic drug supply and substance use services
- 1-800-SUICIDE (1-800-784-2433) if you are considering suicide or are concerned about someone who may be.
- 310Mental Health Support at 310-6789 (no area code needed) for emotional support, information and resources specific to mental health.
- Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 to speak to a professional counsellor, 24 hours a day.
- Alcohol & Drug Information and Referral Service at 1-800-663-1441 (toll-free in B.C.) or 604-660-9382 (in the Lower Mainland) to find resources and support.
Find support near you
Find mental health and substance use supports and services available in B.C.
Support looks different for everyone. Search for services like help hotlines, wellness programs, harm reduction resources and more.