The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as BMI increases. People who have a large percentage of body fat in the abdominal area—a waist measurement greater than 102 cm (40 in.) in men and greater than 88 cm (35 in.) in women—are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes, even if their BMIs are within the normal range.
People who are obese are at greater risk for different types of cancer, including:
Obesity is linked with a higher prevalence of asthma.
People who are obese tend to take smaller or shallower breaths (pickwickian syndrome). These small, gasping breaths may not get as much oxygen into the blood as needed, leaving them always tired. Pickwickian syndrome can eventually lead to heart problems.
People who are obese have a greater risk for arthritis. Extra weight puts more stress on the joints than normal, especially in the legs and lower back.
American Gastroenterological Association (2002, reapproved 2008). AGA technical review on obesity. Gastroenterology, 123(3): 882–932. [Erratum in Gastroenterology, 123(5): 1752.]
Current as of:
March 17, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine Rhonda O'Brien MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Rhonda O'Brien MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
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