A painful sore or ulcer inside your mouth may make it hard to eat and drink. Be sure to let your doctor know you are having mouth sores. You may need to have your medicines adjusted. And try some of the following home treatment measures to help ease pain and speed healing.
What to eat and drink
Drink a lot of water.
Suck on ice chips, or try chilled foods, such as frozen ice pops, ice cream, or frozen yogurt.
Try warm liquids, such as tea or soup.
Eat soft, bland foods that are easy to swallow, such as ice cream, custard, applesauce, cottage cheese, macaroni and cheese, soft-cooked eggs, yogurt, or cream soups.
Cut foods into small pieces, or grind, mash, blend, or puree foods.
Stay away from:
Spicy and salty foods, coffee, chocolate, citrus fruits, and tomatoes.
Nuts, seeds, or potato chips or crackers that can scrape your mouth.
Fizzy drinks, alcoholic drinks, and all tobacco products.
Anything that is sweet or too hot or too cold if it makes your mouth hurt.
How to keep your mouth clean
Rinse your mouth several times a day. You can use 2 cups (500 mL) of warm water mixed with 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 mL) baking soda and 1/4 teaspoon (1.25 mL) salt, followed by rinsing your mouth with plain water.
Use an extra-soft toothbrush and a mild toothpaste.
You can soften your toothbrush in hot water before using it. If using a toothbrush is too painful, try using soft foam mouth swabs.
Stay away from whitening toothpastes because they can irritate a sore mouth.
Gently floss your teeth and use a mouthwash that doesn't have alcohol in it.
If your mouth is dry, try sugarless gum or candy. Or talk to your doctor about using a saliva substitute to keep your mouth moist.
How to reduce pain
Use a straw for drinking liquids.
Make a thin paste of baking soda and water and apply it to the sore. Or you can use a cotton swab to dab your sores with a liquid antacid, such as Diovol Plus.
Try using a non-prescription medicine such as Orabase to coat your mouth sores before eating.
To help ease pain, use a non-prescription medicine, such as Anbesol. Ask your doctor before using mouth-numbing medicine for children of any age. Health Canada warns that some of these can be dangerous.
If painful mouth sores are keeping you from being able to eat, talk to your doctor. He or she may prescribe medicines that can help with mouth pain.
Medical Review:Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Douglas A. Stewart MD - Medical Oncology
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