Vision Screening and Eye Exams for Adults

Vision Screening and Eye Exams for Adults


If you know that you are not at risk for eye disease and you don't have signs of vision problems, get a complete eye examination to check for eye disease and vision problems: footnote 1

  • At least every 10 years if you are age 19 to 40.
  • At least every 5 years if you are age 41 to 55.
  • At least every 3 years if you are age 56 to 65.
  • At least every 2 years if you are over age 65.

Your eye doctor may also suggest that you get examinations more often just to check for refractive errors, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness.

If you are at risk for or have signs of eye disease, such as glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration, you may need complete eye examinations more often.

For people who have diabetes, experts recommend a yearly eye examination. If you have no signs of diabetic retinopathy, your doctor may recommend less frequent eye examinations.footnote 2



  1. Canadian Ophthalmological Society (2007). Canadian Ophthalmological Society evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the periodic eye examination in adults in Canada. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 42 (1): 39–45. DOI: 10.1139/i06-126e. Accessed July 19, 2020.
  2. Diabetes Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee, et al. (2018). Retinopathy. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 42(Suppl 1): S210–S216. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2017.10.027. Accessed October 15, 2018.


Current as of: October 12, 2022

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine