Topic Overview

The purpose of physiotherapy is to reduce pain and allow you to continue daily activities. Physiotherapy can reduce pain in the soft tissues (such as the muscles, ligaments, and tendons), improve function, and build muscle strength. A physiotherapist provides these treatments and will also provide education, instruction, and support for recovery.

Physiotherapy techniques for rheumatoid arthritis may include:

  • Stretching, to increase flexibility and reduce stress on joints.
  • Education, to help you improve and maintain your posture.
  • Exercise, to strengthen muscles.
  • Manual therapy, including massage, to improve or maintain range of motion.
  • Heat therapy, to improve blood circulation to the muscles and other soft tissues.
  • Ice therapy, to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
  • Cycling and limited walking, to promote good physical conditioning.
  • Water exercises, to allow your body to exercise without pressure on the spine.

Your doctor or physiotherapist or both will design a program specific to your normal level of activity, physical fitness, severity of pain, and disease activity.

Related Information


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Nancy Ann Shadick, MD, MPH - Internal Medicine, Rheumatology

Current as ofAugust 21, 2015