Essential Fatty Acids (Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids)

Essential fatty acid (EFA), also known as polyunsaturated fat, is not made by the body, so it is essential to get EFA from food. EFA supports and regulates important body functions in the cardiovascular, reproductive, immune, and nervous systems.

The two types of EFAs are:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in foods from plants like soybean oil, canola oil, walnuts, and flaxseed.
  • Omega-6 fatty acids, which are found mostly in liquid vegetable oils like soybean oil, corn oil, and safflower oil.

Another type of omega-3 fatty acid is found in fatty fish and shellfish as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Salmon, anchovies, herring, sardines, Pacific oysters, trout, Atlantic mackerel, and Pacific mackerel are high in EPA and DHA and lower in mercury.

Is it an emergency?

If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be a life-threatening emergency. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately.
If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.

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