Female External Genitalia (Vulva)

Picture of female external genitalia

The external female genitalia (vulva) include:

  • The opening of the vagina (also called the birth canal). The vagina is part of the reproductive tract and extends from the womb (uterus) to outside the body.
  • The fleshy lips (labia majora and labia minora) around the vagina.
  • A small bump of tissue (clitoris) covered with a thin flap of tissue. The clitoris is the main source of sensations during sexual activity.

During a vaginal self-examination, you can also see the urethra, an opening that leads to the bladder, and the anus, the opening that leads to the colon.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology

Current as ofOctober 6, 2017

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