Alzheimer's disease is a progressive condition that destroys the connections between cells in the brain. Eventually these cells die, which affects how the brain works. As cells die in the outer layer of the brain-called the cortex-it shrinks, and the spaces in the brain get larger. The cortex includes the hippocampus, which is an area of the brain that helps new memories form.
The damage to the brain eventually causes problems with memory, intelligence, judgment, language, and behaviour.
Alzheimer's is the most common form of mental decline, or dementia, in older adults.
Current as ofSeptember 11, 2018
Author: Healthwise Staff Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine Myron F. Weiner MD - Psychiatry, Neurology
Medical Review:Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine & Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Myron F. Weiner MD - Psychiatry, Neurology