Enteral nutrition is a fluid given
through a tube that is inserted into the nose, down the throat, and into the
stomach. This tube is called a nasogastric, or NG, tube. The fluid contains
essential nutrients and helps supplement or replace a regular diet. The
intestines absorb nutrients from the fluid more easily than from regular food.
Feedings may be given during the day or at night during sleep.
Studies of people who have Crohn's disease show that enteral nutrition
may help keep them free of symptoms (in
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
nutrition (TPN) is liquid nutrition given through a needle that is inserted
into a large vein in or near the shoulder, neck, or arm. This method bypasses
the digestive tract completely and places nutrients directly into the
bloodstream. TPN allows the bowel to rest so that medicines can work. TPN may
be helpful in stopping the symptoms of Crohn's disease in certain people, but
the treatment is still unproved. TPN has not been shown to have any benefit in
treating ulcerative colitis. But parenteral nutrition may offer nutritional
benefits to patients even if it doesn't help with the treatment of
Akobeng AK, Thomas AG (2007). Enteral nutrition for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).