Stroke: Common Disabilities

Topic Overview

Stroke is the most common cause of disability resulting from damage to the nervous system. A stroke may affect:

  • Movement. You may not be able to use your arms or walk. This is usually because of weakness or paralysis on one side of the body (hemiparesis).
  • Speech and language. You may not be able to speak, read, or write. Also, you may not be able to understand what someone else is saying.
  • Thinking and reasoning. You may not be able to think clearly. The stroke may cause you to act differently than you did before the stroke.
  • Senses. You may not be able to feel when something or someone touches your affected body parts, such as the arms or legs. Your sight or hearing may be affected (rare).

Related Information

Credits

Current as ofSeptember 26, 2018

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Brian O'Brien, MD, FRCPC - Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Karin M. Lindholm, DO - Neurology
Richard D. Zorowitz, MD - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Is it an emergency?

If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be a life-threatening emergency. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately.
If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.

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