Malaria: Resistance to Medicine
British Columbia Specific Information
Malaria is a very serious disease caused by mosquito bites and tiny parasites that get into and multiply in the bloodstream. Symptoms may include headache, abdominal pain, chills, shaking, fever and sweats. Malaria can cause seizures, anemia, jaundice, heart failure, kidney failure, coma, and even death. To learn about malaria and how it can be prevented, see HealthLinkBC File #41f Malaria Prevention, BC Centre for Disease Control - Malaria, and Government of Canada – Malaria.
For specific information on protecting yourself or your children when travelling, see HealthLinkBC File #41a Health Advice for Travellers, HealthLinkBC File #41g The Pregnant Traveller, and HealthLinkBC File #41d Travelling with Children.
Antimalarial medicines are the only effective way to prevent and treat malaria infection. But some malaria parasites have become resistant to certain medicines in certain areas of the world.footnote 1 The most accurate information about malaria medicine resistance in specific countries is available from the Public Health Agency of Canada (www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/info/malaria-eng.php), U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (www.cdc.gov/malaria), and the World Health Organization (www.who.int/topics/malaria/en).
The malaria medicine used to treat the infection depends in part on the location where a person gets malaria and the type of malaria parasite causing the infection.
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
Current as ofMay 22, 2015
Current as of: May 22, 2015
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