Foods containing carbohydrate are grouped into the following categories. The carbohydrate content is listed in grams (g). If you eat a larger portion, count it as more than one serving.
One serving of carbohydrate has 15 grams of carbohydrate. Of course, not all foods contain exactly 15 grams of carbohydrate. Typically if a food has 8 to 22 grams of carbohydrate, that is equal to 1 carbohydrate serving.
Bread, cereal, rice, pasta, beans and legumes, and starchy vegetables: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving (1 carbohydrate serving)
- 1 slice bread (1 oz)
- 1/4 large bagel
- 2/3 cup (150 mL) crispy rice cereal
- 3/4 cup (175 mL) cooked wheat cereal
- 1/3 cup (75 mL) cooked rice
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) cooked pasta
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) cooked beans, lentils, or peas
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) cooked corn
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) mashed potatoes
Non-starchy vegetables: 5 g or less of carbohydrate per serving
- 1 cup (250 mL) raw leafy vegetables
- 1 cup (250 mL) other vegetables, cooked or chopped raw
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) vegetable juice
Fruits: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving
- 1 small apple or medium orange
- 1/2 large banana
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) chopped, cooked, or canned fruit
- 1/2 cup (125 mL) apple, grapefruit, orange, or cranberry juice
- 2 tablespoons (18 g) raisins
Milk and yogurt: 15 g of carbohydrate per serving
These are also good sources of calcium.
- 1 cup (250 mL) milk
- 3/4 cup (175 mL) plain yogurt. (Food with added sugar will contain more carbohydrate, so check the label.)
The carbohydrate content of sweets varies according to the ingredients. Talk with a registered dietitian about how to work these foods into your meal plan.
For a listing of foods containing carbohydrate, visit Diabetes Canada's Diet and Nutrition: Beyond the Basics webpage at www.diabetes.ca/clinical-practice-education/professional-resources/diet-nutrition-beyond-the-basics.
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Other Works Consulted
- Warshaw H, Kulkarni K (2011). The Complete Guide to Carb Counting, 3rd ed. Alexandria, VA: American Diabetes Association.
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator
Colleen O'Connor, PhD, RD - Registered Dietitian
Current as ofDecember 7, 2017
Current as of: December 7, 2017
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Rhonda O'Brien, MS, RD, CDE - Certified Diabetes Educator & Colleen O'Connor, PhD, RD - Registered Dietitian
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