Pronunciation: PI-poe-TYE-a-zeen PAL-mi-tate
Common Brand Name(s): Piportil L4
Important: How To Use This Information
This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.
There may be a slightly increased risk of serious, possibly fatal side effects (such as heart failure, fast/irregular heartbeat, pneumonia) when this medication is used by older adults with dementia. This medication is not approved for the treatment of dementia-related behavior problems. Discuss the risks and benefits of this medication, as well as other effective and possibly safer treatments for dementia-related behavior problems, with the doctor.
This medication is a long-acting form of pipotiazine that is used to treat mental/mood conditions (such as schizophrenia, psychosis). Pipotiazine palmitate is usually used in patients who are taking regular doses of a shorter-acting neuroleptic and may benefit from long-term (maintenance) treatment with less frequent dosing. Pipotiazine helps you to think more clearly, decreases hallucinations and negative thoughts, and makes it easier to function in everyday life. This medication is not recommended when agitation/hyperactivity are severe or in older adults with dementia.
Pipotiazine belongs to a class of medications called phenothiazines and is also known as a neuroleptic. It works by affecting the balance of natural substances (neurotransmitters) in the brain.
How To Use
Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using pipotiazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
This medication is given by injection into a muscle by a health care professional usually every 3 to 4 weeks or as directed by your doctor. Do not inject into a vein.
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may direct you to continue your other medication until this medication starts to work. Follow your doctor's directions carefully. Your first injections may be a lower dose and more frequent than your routine dose. Your doctor will adjust your dose to find the best dose for you.
Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Mark your calendar to help you remember when to receive your next dose. Keep all your medical appointments.
Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Your condition may become worse if the drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they worsen.
Pain/swelling at the injection site, drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, restlessness, or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Dizziness and lightheadedness can increase the risk of falling. Get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.
Tell your doctor promptly if any of these side effects occur: muscle spasm/stiffness, shaking (tremor), need to move/pace, difficult/slowed movement, mask-like facial expression, drooling. Your doctor may prescribe another medication for you to take with pipotiazine to decrease these side effects.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including:
- unusual mental/mood changes (such as depression, mania, worsening of psychosis)
- difficult urination
- vision problems
Rarely, this medication may increase your level of a certain hormone (prolactin). For females, this effect may result in unwanted breast milk, missing/stopped menstrual periods, or difficulty becoming pregnant. For males, it may result in decreased sexual ability, inability to produce sperm, or enlarged breasts. If you develop any of these symptoms, tell your doctor right away.
For males, in the very unlikely event you have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours, stop using this drug and get medical help right away, or permanent problems could occur.
This drug and similar medications may rarely cause serious blood problems (low numbers of platelets and red/white blood cells) or liver problems. Tell your doctor right away if you notice any of the following rare but very serious side effects:
- signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat)
- easy bruising/bleeding
- severe stomach/abdominal pain
- yellowing eyes/skin
This medication may rarely cause a condition known as tardive dyskinesia. In some cases, this condition may be permanent. Tell your doctor right away if you develop any unusual/uncontrolled movements (especially of the face, mouth, tongue, arms, or legs).
This medication may rarely cause a very serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms:
- muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness
- severe tiredness
- severe confusion
- fast/irregular heartbeat
- dark urine
- signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine)
Get medical help right away if any of these rare but serious side effects occur:
- chest pain
- severe constipation
- severe dizziness
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
- severe dizziness
- trouble breathing
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using pipotiazine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other phenothiazines (such as chlorpromazine, fluphenazine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as sesame oil), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:
- blood problems (such as low white blood cell count, anemia)
- high or low blood pressure
- brain problems (brain injury/tumor, confusion with difficulty staying awake)
- blood flow problems (such as chest pain, heart attack, stroke)
- breast cancer
- slowed gut movement (such as chronic constipation, ileus, blockage)
- kidney problems
- liver problems
- Parkinson's disease
- a certain type of tumor (pheochromocytoma)
- difficulty urinating (such as due to enlarged prostate)
- drug/alcohol dependency
This drug may make you drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Use sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Tell your doctor right away if you get sunburned or have skin blisters/redness.
This medication may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the weather is hot, drink a lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a place to cool down and rest. Get medical help right away if you have a fever that does not go away, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Avoid contact with certain types of insecticides (organophosphates).
Pipotiazine may cause a condition that affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other symptoms (such as severe dizziness, fainting) that need medical attention right away.
The risk of QT prolongation may be increased if you have certain medical conditions or are taking other drugs that may cause QT prolongation. Before using pipotiazine, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take and if you have any of the following conditions:
- certain heart problems (heart failure, slow heartbeat, QT prolongation in the EKG)
- family history of certain heart problems (QT prolongation in the EKG, sudden cardiac death)
Low levels of potassium or magnesium in the blood may also increase your risk of QT prolongation. This risk may increase if you use certain drugs (such as diuretics/"water pills") or if you have conditions such as severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Talk to your doctor about using pipotiazine safely.
Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, muscle spasms/stiffness/twitching, uncontrolled movements (tardive dyskinesia), and QT prolongation (see above). Drowsiness, dizziness, and lightheadedness can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Babies born to mothers who have used this drug during the last 3 months of pregnancy may rarely develop symptoms including muscle stiffness or shakiness, drowsiness, feeding/breathing difficulties, or constant crying. If you notice any of these symptoms in your newborn especially during their first month, tell the doctor right away.
Since untreated mental/mood problems (such as schizophrenia, psychosis) can be a serious condition, do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your doctor. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy.
It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this drug include:
- anticholinergics (such as atropine, scopolamine, antispasmodics such as belladonna alkaloids)
- dopamine agonists (such as cabergoline, levodopa, pergolide)
- certain drugs for high blood pressure (methyldopa, guanethidine, guanadrel, hydralazine)
Many drugs besides pipotiazine may affect the heart rhythm (QT prolongation), including amiodarone, dofetilide, pimozide, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol, macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin), among others.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness such as opioid pain or cough relievers (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), or antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine).
Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including certain pregnancy tests), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.
If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: loss of consciousness, seizures, fast/irregular heartbeat, slow/shallow breathing.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as kidney/liver function tests, complete blood counts) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
For the best possible benefit, it is important to receive each scheduled dose of this medication as directed. If you miss a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist right away to establish a new dosing schedule.
Information last revised October 2018.
Copyright(c) 2018 First Databank, Inc.
Conditions of use: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information in not intend to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects nor should it be construed in indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.