Diabetes Canada (formerly the Canadian Diabetes Association) recommends type 2 diabetes screening every 2 years for some children. Children who have not reached puberty and have 3 or more of the risk factors below should be screened. Children who have reached puberty and have 2 or more of the following risk factors:footnote 1
- A body mass index (BMI) in the 95th percentile for his or her age and gender
- A family history of type 2 diabetes
- The child's mother had diabetes while pregnant with the child.
- Hispanic, African, First Nations, Asian, or Pacific Island ancestry
- Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions linked with it:
- Use of antipsychotic medicine or atypical neuroleptics
If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has (prediabetes). If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise, he or she may not develop diabetes.
For more information, see the Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in Children.
- Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee (2013). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents section of Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 clinical practice guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes in Canada. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 37(Suppl 1): S163–S167. Also available online: http://guidelines.diabetes.ca.
Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology
Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
Current as ofDecember 7, 2017
Current as of: December 7, 2017
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology & Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology & David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology