Types of Complementary Medicine

Topic Overview

People often use the terms complementary medicine and alternative medicine in place of each other. But there is a difference. Understanding the difference will help you to become more informed about this type of medicine.

  • Complementary medicine is a non-standard treatment or medicine that is used together with conventional treatment or medicine. One example is acupuncture. When it's used to treat nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy or post-surgery pain, it is a complementary therapy.
  • Alternative medicine is a non-standard treatment or medicine that is used instead of conventional medicine. If you use St. John's wort in place of prescription medicines to treat depression, it is alternative medicine.
  • Integrative medicine is a term for the approach that combines standard medical treatments and complementary treatments. Practitioners of conventional Western medicine are paying more and closer attention to the benefits of many complementary treatments. They are learning how to use or recommend them. And that makes the mainstream health care system more integrative.

Related Information

Credits

Current as of: December 20, 2019

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen M. Fairfield MD, MPH, DrPH - Internal Medicine

Is it an emergency?

If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be a life-threatening emergency. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately.
If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.

Thanks to our partners and endorsers: