Transurethral resection (TUR) of the bladder is a surgical procedure that is used both to diagnose bladder cancer and to remove cancerous tissue from the bladder. This procedure is also called a TURBT (transurethral resection for bladder tumour). General anesthesia or spinal anesthesia is often used. During TUR surgery, a cystoscope is passed into the bladder through the urethra. A tool called a resectoscope is used to remove the cancer for biopsy and to burn away any remaining cancer cells.
Bladder cancer can come back after this surgery, so repeat TURs are sometimes needed.
What To Expect After Surgery
Following surgery, a catheter may be placed in the urethra to help stop bleeding and to prevent blockage of the urethra. When the bleeding has stopped, the catheter is removed. You may need to stay in the hospital 1 to 4 days.
You may feel the need to urinate frequently for a while after the surgery, but this should improve over time. You may have blood in your urine for up to 2 to 3 weeks following surgery.
You may be instructed to avoid strenuous activity for about 3 weeks following TUR.
Why It Is Done
TUR can be used to diagnose, stage, and treat bladder cancer.
- Diagnosis. TUR is used to examine the inside of the bladder to see whether there are cancer cells in the bladder.
- Staging. TUR can determine whether cancers are growing into the bladder wall.
- Treatment. One or more small tumours can be removed from inside the bladder during TUR.
How Well It Works
TUR is the most common and effective treatment for early-stage bladder cancer. It may also be effective for more advanced cancer if all the cancer is removed and biopsies show that no cancer cells remain.
The risks of TUR include:
- Bladder infection (cystitis).
- Perforation of the wall of the bladder.
- Blood in the urine (hematuria).
- Blockage of the urethra by blood clots in the bladder.