Habit reversal is a promising behavioural therapy to help reduce tics.
Habit reversal training (HRT) is a behaviour therapy that has helped people who have hair pulling (trichotillomania), nail-biting,
thumb-sucking, and tics associated with Tourette's disorder.
As with most therapies, it's helpful if your child agrees to treatment. Ask your child if he or she wants help to manage tics. This is a good, first step in letting your child feel that he or she has a part in treatment.
With your help, HRT may help your child:
Notice the signs that a tic is starting.
Become more aware of the settings in which tics are most likely to occur.
Do things in place of a tic. For example, instead of doing an eye blink tic, your child may learn to gently close his or her eyelids and hold them closed for several seconds.
Families learn HRT from a qualified
health professional who has experience with Tourette's disorder and the
therapy. Do not use habit reversal training without proper guidance.
After you and your child learn what to do, you and your child will practice the techniques and responses daily at home and write about his or her progress. Set up a time and place to do habit reversal. Your child
will not be able to monitor his or her tics throughout the entire day. Help your child practice in public places, if needed. Your child needs praise and support to keep doing the training. It's important to praise your child when he or she uses the treatment techniques. This way, your child receives praise for doing something he or she can control (using treatment techniques) rather than not doing something he or she cannot control (ticing). Relaxation techniques may also help your child succeed with HRT.
Many children and teens will notice a decrease in their
tics within a couple of days. But the greatest change from using these habit
reversal procedures occurs during the second and third month. Don't give up
after only a couple of days or weeks.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerKarin M. Lindholm, DO - Neurology Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics