hepatitis panel is a blood test used to find markers
of hepatitis infection. Hepatitis causes inflammation of the liver.
There are different hepatitis panels. Some tests look for proteins (antibodies) that the body makes to fight the
infection. Other tests look for
antigens or the genetic material (DNA or
RNA) of the viruses that cause hepatitis. A common
panel checks for:
Hepatitis A IgM antibodies (HA Ab-IgM) and IgG antibodies (HA Ab-IgG).
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).
Hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb).
Hepatitis B IgM core antibody (HBcAb-IgM) and IgG core antibody (HBcAb-IgG).
Hepatitis B type e antigen (HBeAg).
Hepatitis C antibodies
Your doctor may order a hepatitis panel if you have
symptoms of hepatitis. These symptoms include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain,
yellowing of your eyes or skin (jaundice), dark
yellow urine, and feeling very tired. This blood test also may be done if you
were recently exposed to a hepatitis virus, even if you do not have
If the term "w/reflex" is listed in your test results, this
means that the blood test was repeated to confirm a positive result on your
first hepatitis blood test. A positive result may mean that you have hepatitis
antibodies from a recent infection.
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerW. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology