A person who is choking cannot talk, cough, or breathe,
and may turn grey or blue. The Heimlich manoeuvre can help get the food or
object out. WARNING: Do not try the Heimlich manoeuvre
unless you are sure the person is choking.
If the person can cough
or make sounds, let him or her cough to try to get the object out. If you are
worried about the person's breathing, call 911.
If the person can't
breathe, cough, or make sounds, then:
Stand or kneel behind the person and wrap your
arms around his or her waist. If the person is standing, place one of your legs
between his or her legs so you can support the person if he or she faints.
Make a fist with one hand. Place the thumb side of your fist
against the person's belly, just above the belly button but well below the
breastbone. See picture A.
Grasp your fist with the other hand.
Give a quick upward thrust into the belly. This may cause the object to pop
out. You may need to use more force for a large person and less for a child or
small adult. See picture B.
Repeat thrusts until the object pops
out or the person faints.
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