Non-verbal learning disorder is a learning disorder that has many
traits commonly linked with
Asperger's syndrome. Like those with Asperger's
syndrome, children with non-verbal learning disorder usually start to talk
around 2 years of age (the age at which speech normally develops). They often
have excellent memorization skills needed for reading and spelling. Also, they
share a desire to form relationships but often fail because of poor social
But these conditions are not the same. Children with non-verbal
learning disorder have some distinguishing characteristics. A hallmark trait of
the disorder is trouble learning from the visual environment. Although they are
poor visual learners, children with non-verbal learning disorder often excel at
remembering information they hear. Children with Asperger's syndrome
are also good at remembering information they hear.
Children with non-verbal learning disorder often have problems with
math, because math is often explained in a visual context and these children
lack non-verbal reasoning skills.
While many people with Asperger's syndrome have non-verbal learning
disorder, not all do. Likewise, many people with non-verbal learning disorder do
not have Asperger's syndrome. Although these disorders are separate, they both
involve similar differences in processing information and those affected may
benefit from the same types of treatment.