The heat index provides information about how hot it feels outside in the shade. It is a measure of the air temperature in relation to the relative humidity for a particular day.
A heat index is listed each day in the newspaper to alert people of the risk for a heat-related illness. Direct exposure to the sun can increase the risk for a heat-related illness on days when the heat index is high. Babies, older adults, or anyone with a health condition may have more risk of problems with the heat because of their age and general health.
A heat index of:
27°C (80°F) to 32°C (89°F) may cause fatigue.
32°C (90°F) to 40°C (104°F) may cause heat cramps or heat exhaustion.
41°C (105°F) to 54°C (129°F) may cause heat cramps or heat exhaustion, and heatstroke is possible.
54°C (130°F) or higher may cause heatstroke.
Prevention measures during days of high heat index will help reduce the risk of a heat-related illness. When the outdoor humidity is greater than 75%, losing body heat by sweating is not as effective, so other measures to keep cool are needed.
Medical Review:William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & H. Michael O'Connor MD - Emergency Medicine