Apgar scores are measurements and observations made by a health professional at 1 and 5 minutes after birth to assess a newborn's health.
The health professional checks 5 areas and gives the newborn a score ranging from 0 to 2 in each of the 5 areas. With 2 being the highest number a baby can get in each area, when the scores are added up, the maximum score is 10. A total score of 7 to 10 is normal.
The 5 areas checked include the newborn's:
Muscle tone (judged by whether the newborn's arms and legs are flexed or limp).
Reflex irritability (judged by whether the newborn cries or reacts when the skin is stroked or touched).
Medical Review:Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & Thomas M. Bailey, MD, CCFP - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & John Pope, MD, MPH - Pediatrics