Certified specialists

Certified specialists are doctors who have advanced education, clinical training, and certification in a specific field. A sub-specialist is a doctor who is trained or certified as a specialist and then receives additional training in a specific area (sub-specialty).

A doctor becomes certified by completing training in a specialty area and passing an exam. To be certified, the doctor must complete the education required to get an MD (medical doctor) or DO (doctor of osteopathic medicine) degree, complete 3 to 7 years of training in a residency program in the specialty field, and pass a written test given by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Many specialty boards also require doctors to pass an oral test.

Is it an emergency?

If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be a life-threatening emergency. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately.
If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.

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