HIV and AIDS: Who Is Affected
Since the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) became widespread in 1996, the incidence of AIDS has decreased. Factors responsible for the decline in the incidence of new AIDS cases include:footnote 3
- Fewer people are becoming infected with HIV today than in the early 1980s.
- Improved treatments for HIV infection. ART slows the rate at which HIV multiplies in the body. This helps keep a person's immune system healthy longer, which may slow the rate at which opportunistic diseases (such as pneumonia) develop.
- More effective treatments are available to prevent HIV-related infections.
- Public Health Agency of Canada (2009). Selected surveillance tables to June 30, 2009. HIV in Canada. Available online: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/aids-sida/publication/survreport/2009/index-eng.php.
- United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), World Health Organization (WHO) (2009). AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2009. Available online: http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). HIV transmission rates in the United States—CDC Fact Sheet. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/factsheets/pdf/transmission.pdf.
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Peter Shalit, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine
Current as ofMay 22, 2015
Current as of: May 22, 2015
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