It regulates the composition of blood, including
the amounts of sugar (glucose), protein, and fat that enter the
It removes bilirubin, ammonia, and other toxins from
the blood. (Bilirubin is a by-product of the breakdown of
hemoglobin from red blood cells.)
processes most of the nutrients absorbed by the intestines during digestion and
converts those nutrients into forms that can be used by the body. The liver
also stores some nutrients, such as vitamin A, iron, and other
It produces cholesterol
and certain important proteins, such as albumin.
clotting factors, chemicals needed to help blood clot.
down (metabolizes) alcohol and many drugs.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerW. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine