Learning About Physical Activity for Teens

Woman stretching

What is physical activity?

Physical activity is any kind of activity that gets your body moving.

The types of physical activity that can help you get fit and stay healthy include:

  • Aerobic or "cardio" activities that make your heart beat faster and make you breathe harder, such as brisk walking, riding a bike, or running. Aerobic activities strengthen your heart and lungs and build up your endurance.
  • Strength training activities that make your muscles work against, or "resist," something, such as lifting weights or doing push-ups. These activities help tone and strengthen your muscles.
  • Stretches that allow you to move your joints and muscles through their full range of motion. Stretching helps you be more flexible and avoid injury.

What are the benefits of physical activity?

Being active is one of the best things you can do to get fit and stay healthy. It helps you to:

  • Feel stronger and have more energy to do all the things you like to do.
  • Focus better at school and perform better in sports.
  • Feel, think, and sleep better.
  • Reach and stay at a healthy weight.
  • Lose fat and build lean muscle.
  • Lower your risk for serious health problems.
  • Keep your bones, muscles, and joints strong.

Being fit lets you do more physical activity. And it lets you work out harder without as much effort.

How can you make physical activity part of your life?

Try to be active for at least 1 hour every day. This may sound like a lot, but it's okay to be active in smaller blocks of time that add up to 1 hour.

Pick activities that you like—ones that make your heart beat faster, your muscles stronger, and your muscles and joints more flexible. If you find more than one thing you like doing, do them all. You don't have to do the same thing every day.

Get your heart pumping every day. Any activity that makes your heart beat faster and keeps it at that rate for a while counts.

Here are some great ways to get your heart beating faster:

  • Go for a brisk walk, run, or bike ride.
  • Go for a hike or swim.
  • Go in-line skating.
  • Play a game of touch football, basketball, or soccer.
  • Dance or jump rope.
  • Play tennis or racquetball.
  • Climb stairs.

Even some household chores can be aerobic—just do them at a faster pace. Vacuuming, raking or mowing the lawn, sweeping the garage, and washing and waxing the car all can help get your heart rate up.

Strengthen your muscles during the week. You don't have to lift heavy weights or grow big, bulky muscles to get stronger. Doing a few simple activities that make your muscles work against, or "resist," something can help you get stronger.

For example, you can:

  • Do push-ups or sit-ups, which use your own body weight as resistance.
  • Lift weights or dumbbells or use stretch bands at home or in a gym or community centre.

Stretch your muscles often. Stretching will help you as you become more active. It can help you stay flexible, loosen tight muscles, and avoid injury. It can also help improve your balance and posture and can be a great way to relax.

When you stretch your muscles:

  • Do it slowly. Stretching is not about going fast or making sudden movements.
  • Don't push or bounce during a stretch.
  • Hold each stretch for at least 15 to 30 seconds, if you can. You should feel a stretch in the muscle, but not pain.
  • Breathe out as you do the stretch. Then breathe in as you hold the stretch. Don't hold your breath when you stretch.

Before you start to do any activity, ask a parent, physical education teacher, or sports trainer how to do the activity safely so you don't get hurt.

Is it an emergency?

If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be a life-threatening emergency. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately.
If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.

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