Topic Overview

The doctor may give your child epinephrine medicine to help open swollen breathing tubes if your child has moderate to severe croup. Epinephrine is given through a nebulizer. This process is called a breathing treatment.

One breathing treatment with epinephrine may be enough. But sometimes children with croup symptoms need a second treatment. Or they may need a different medicine to take later at home. Children will be watched in the doctor's office or emergency department for several hours after a breathing treatment with epinephrine. This is to make sure another treatment is not needed.

Related Information


Other Works Consulted

  • Roosevelt GE (2011). Acute inflammatory upper airway obstruction (croup, epiglottitis, laryngitis, and bacterial tracheitis). In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 19th ed., pp. 1445–1450. Philadelphia: Saunders.


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics

Current as ofNovember 20, 2015