Laparoscopy (say "lap-uh-ROSS-kuh-pee") is surgery that is done through small cuts (incisions) in your belly.
To do this type of surgery, a doctor puts a lighted tube, or scope, and other surgical tools through small incisions in your belly. The doctor can take out organs such as the spleen, the gallbladder, the appendix, an ovary, a fallopian tube, or part of the intestine during laparoscopy. He or she can repair a hernia or take out small tumours, cysts, or other growths. The doctor also can use laparoscopy to close a woman's fallopian tubes (tubal ligation).
In laparoscopy, recovery is usually less painful and faster than in surgery done through one large cut (called open surgery). You may also spend less time in the hospital and away from work and other activities.
Typically laparoscopy leaves several scars about 13 millimetres (half an inch) long.
Author: Healthwise Staff Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Brian O'Brien, MD, FRCPC - Internal Medicine E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Peter J. Kahrilas, MD - Gastroenterology Kenneth Bark, MD - General Surgery, Colon and Rectal Surgery
Medical Review:Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Brian O'Brien, MD, FRCPC - Internal Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Peter J. Kahrilas, MD - Gastroenterology & Kenneth Bark, MD - General Surgery, Colon and Rectal Surgery