Topic Overview

Sulfonylureas can cause low blood sugar. They help the pancreas release insulin.

  • Chlorpropamide
  • Gliclazide (Diamicron, Diamicron MR)
  • Glimepiride (Amaryl)
  • Glyburide (DiaBeta, Euglucon)
  • Tolbutamide

Meglitinides help the pancreas release insulin. They may cause low blood sugar.

  • Repaglinide (GlucoNorm)

You are less likely to get low blood sugar if you take:

  • DPP-4 inhibitors. These include linagliptin (Jentadueto, Trajenta), saxagliptin (Onglyza), and sitagliptin (Januvia).
  • Metformin. Brand names include Glucophage and Glumetza.
  • Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors. These include canagliflozin (Invokana), dapagliflozin (Forxiga), and empagliflozin (Jardiance).
  • Thiazolidinediones. Examples are pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia).

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References

Other Works Consulted

  • Arnason T, Mansell K (2016). Diabetes mellitus. Compendium of Therapeutic Choices. Ottawa: Canadian Pharmacists Association. https://www.e-therapeutics.ca. Accessed December 13, 2016.

Credits

Adaptation Date: 6/16/2017

Adapted By: HealthLink BC

Adaptation Reviewed By: HealthLink BC

Adaptation Date: 6/16/2017

Adapted By: HealthLink BC

Adaptation Reviewed By: HealthLink BC