Do not try to remove a fish hook (seek medical care instead) if any of the following are true:
- The fish hook is in or near an eye. See first aid measures.
- The fish hook is in a joint, in a bone, or deep in a muscle.
- You are concerned that removing the fish hook may damage nearby blood vessels or nerves.
- The person who is injured is not calm and cannot help.
- You are afraid to remove the fish hook.
If none of the above conditions are true, try to remove the fish hook.
- First, cut any fishing line, fish, bait, or lure from the fish hook. This is best done with sharp, side-cutting pliers.
- Use ice or cold water for 2 to 3 minutes to numb the area.
- If the barb of the fish hook has not entered the skin, pull the tip of the hook back out.
- If the barb is embedded in the skin, first try the string-pull method.
- If medical help is not available and the fish hook is deeply embedded in the skin, try the advance-and-cut method. Push the hook the rest of the way through the skin, snip off the barb with wire cutters, and remove the rest of the fish hook from where it entered the skin. If medical help is available, have a deeply embedded fish hook removed by a doctor or nurse.
Current as of: February 26, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine