A concussion is the most common form of head injury. It results from a direct blow to the head or body causing the brain to move rapidly inside of the skull. A concussion can happen to anyone, anywhere at any time. Even what seems like a minor impact may result in a concussion. You don't have to pass out (lose consciousness) to have a concussion.
Causes of Concussions
Activities that can cause a concussion include:
- Collisions with other people or objects
- Motor vehicle crashes
- Sports or recreational activities
Taking safety precautions can reduce your chances of getting a concussion and can also protect others.
- Drive safely and wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle
- Never drive when you are under the influence of drugs or alcohol
- Take precautions to avoid slips and falls, such as keeping your physical spaces dry and uncluttered
- Use the appropriate equipment for the activity, such as helmets and mouth guards
- Promote responsibility and fair play in sport
For more tips on how to prevent concussion, see:
- Government of Canada: Concussion - Prevention and risks
- Government of Canada: Concussion - Sport and recreation
Concussion and Children
To learn more on how to reduce your child's chances of getting a concussion, see:
- Child Car Seats
- Child Safety: Bicycles and Tricycles
- Child Safety: Streets and Motor Vehicles
- Child Safety: Preventing Falls
- Playground Safety
- Preventing Children's Injuries From Sports and Other Activities
For more information on how to reduce the chances of seniors getting a concussion, see:
- Are You at Risk of Falling?
- Preventing Falls in Older Adults
- Seniors’ Falls Can be Prevented (HealthLink BC File # 78)
- What You Can Do to Prevent a Fall?
For more information on how to treat concussion, manage your recovery and return to normal activity see:
- CATT Online: Return to Activity Strategy
- CATT Online: Return to School Strategy
- CATT Online: Return to Sport Strategy
- CATT Online: Return to Work Strategy
- Government of Canada: Concussion - Symptoms and treatment
BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit (BCIRPU)
The BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit provides injury prevention knowledge and supports to British Columbians, including concussion information.
Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT)
The Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT) is a series of online educational modules and resources with the goal of standardizing concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment and management.
- CATT online
- CATT: Concussion Resources for Coaches
- CATT: Concussion Resources for Parents & Caregivers
- CATT: Concussion Resources for Players & Participants
- CATT: Concussion Resources for School Professionals
- CATT: Concussion Resource for Workers and Workplaces
Parachute is Canada’s national charity dedicated to injury prevention. It focuses on three key areas where people are unintentionally injured: in the home, at play and on the move.
Your Health Authority
For information related to concussion from your health authority, where available, click on the links below.
- Fraser Health: Concussion
- Interior Health: Injury Prevention
- Northern Health: Concussion
- Provincial Health Services: Preventing Injury
- Vancouver Coastal Health: My Guide: Concussion Catalogue
- Vancouver Island: School Age Safety
Last Reviewed: June 10, 2020