A concussion is the most common form of head injury. It results from a direct blow to the head or body causing the brain to move rapidly inside of the skull. A concussion can happen to anyone, anywhere at any time. Even what seems like a minor impact may result in a concussion. You don't have to pass out (lose consciousness) to have a concussion.

Causes of Concussions

Activities that can cause a concussion include:

  • Falls
  • Collisions with other people or objects
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Sports or recreational activities


Taking safety precautions can reduce your chances of getting a concussion and can also protect others.

  • Drive safely and wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle
  • Never drive when you are under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Take precautions to avoid slips and falls, such as keeping your physical spaces dry and uncluttered
  • Use the appropriate equipment for the activity, such as helmets and mouth guards
  • Promote responsibility and fair play in sport

For more tips on how to prevent concussion, see:

Concussion and Children

To learn more on how to reduce your child's chances of getting a concussion, see:

For more information on how to reduce the chances of seniors getting a concussion, see:


For more information on how to treat concussion, manage your recovery and return to normal activity see:

Useful Websites

BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit (BCIRPU)

The BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit provides injury prevention knowledge and supports to British Columbians, including concussion information.

Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT)

The Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT) is a series of online educational modules and resources with the goal of standardizing concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment and management.


Parachute is Canada’s national charity dedicated to injury prevention. It focuses on three key areas where people are unintentionally injured: in the home, at play and on the move.

Your Health Authority

For information related to concussion from your health authority, where available, click on the links below.

Last Reviewed: June 10, 2020

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