Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are some of the most widespread diseases in the world. STIs affect both men and women, and almost half of all STIs occur in people younger than 25. Exposure to an STI can occur any time you have sexual contact that involves the genitals, the mouth (oral), or the rectum (anal). Exposure is more likely if you have more than one sex partner or do not use condoms. Some STIs can be passed by non-sexual contact, such as during the delivery of a baby or during breast-feeding. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Although recommendations for screening vary with the specific STI, screening is generally recommended for those at high risk. Your risk for an STI increases if you:
The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) strongly recommends that all pregnant women be screened for STIs (such as syphilis and HIV) because of the risks of being pregnant while infected or having a child born with certain STIs. Screening should be done:
Early treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||H. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine|
|Last Revised||February 15, 2011|
Last Revised: February 15, 2011
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