Behavioural training teaches people of all ages who have autism how to communicate appropriately. This type of training can reduce behaviour problems and improve adaptation skills.
Both behavioural training and behavioural management use positive reinforcement to improve behaviour. They also use social skills training to improve communication. The specific program should be chosen according to the child's needs. High-functioning autistic children may be enrolled in mainstream classrooms and child care facilities—watching the behaviour of other normally developing children can provide examples for autistic children to follow. But other children are overstimulated in a regular classroom and work best in smaller, highly structured environments.
Consistent use of these behavioural interventions produces the best results. The child's functional abilities, behaviour, and daily environment should be thoroughly assessed before behavioural training and management begins.1 Parents, other family members, teachers, and caregivers of the autistic child should all be trained in these techniques.
Many treatment approaches have been developed, including:
If you are interested in ABA or TEACCH, be sure to check to see if it is covered by your provincial health plan or private health insurance plan.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||John Pope, MD - Pediatrics|
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Andrew Swan, MD, CCFP, FCFP - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Fred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry|
|Last Revised||May 29, 2012|
Last Revised: May 29, 2012
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