You might have surgery if your back problem is caused by a tumour or infection.
Removal of spinal tumours
Spinal tumours can be cancerous (malignant) or not (benign). During surgery, the doctor removes the tumour and any bone that it has damaged.
If surgery or disease has weakened part of the spine, the doctor can make it more stable using metal implants, bone
grafts, or bone cement.
Certain types of tumours grow on the spinal cord or
nerve roots. In some cases, surgery to remove the tumour could cause more harm to the spinal cord than not removing the tumour. Talk to your doctor to make sure you understand the risks involved. Get advice from a surgeon who is an
expert in treating spinal cord tumours.
Debridement of the spine
This surgery removes bone and other infected or abnormal tissue. It's usually done
to treat an infection or an injury.
The doctor removes infected and damaged or dead bone.
The area is then cleaned with a sterile solution that contains
antibiotics. If the doctor removes a lot of bone or entire vertebrae, he or she may use spinal fusion (arthrodesis) to make the spine stable.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.