Congenital glaucoma is a rare form of glaucoma that is present in some babies when they are born. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the nerve at the back of the eye (optic nerve), resulting in loss of eyesight, especially peripheral (side) vision.
Congenital glaucoma is often caused by a birth defect that can cause abnormal development of structures in the eye. It must be treated as soon as possible to avoid vision loss or blindness.
Congenital glaucoma is usually diagnosed by the end of the first year of life. About one-half of these children are diagnosed at birth.
Glaucoma that develops between birth and age 3 is called infantile glaucoma.
People between the ages of 3 and young adulthood can develop another type of developmental glaucoma called juvenile glaucoma.
Current as of: September 9, 2014
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
Public health alerts include information about outbreaks, advisories and product recalls. Click on the links below to read the most recent alerts, or visit our Public Health Alerts web page.
If you are looking for health services in your community, you can use our directory to FIND hospitals, clinics, and other resources.
To learn more, visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2015 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
If you or someone in your care has chest pains, difficulty breathing, or severe bleeding, it could be life-threatening. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number immediately. If you are concerned about a possible poisoning or exposure to a toxic substance, call Poison Control now at 1-800-567-8911.