Polio Vaccine (IPV)
Immunization has saved more lives in Canada in the last 50 years than any other health measure.
What is polio vaccine (IPV)?
The polio vaccine protects against infection from all 3 types of polio virus. The vaccine, called Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), is approved by Health Canada.
Who should get the polio vaccine?
The inactivated polio vaccine is mostly given as a booster dose to adults who had a series of polio vaccine in childhood, and who will be working or traveling in an area of the world where polio still occurs. A booster dose is also recommended for all health care workers in British Columbia.
People who have not been immunized and may be exposed to polio viruses through work or travel should also get the vaccine. These people need 3 doses of the vaccine. The first 2 doses are given 4 to 8 weeks apart, and the third dose is given 6 to 12 months after the second dose.
In young children, immunization against polio is combined with other vaccines, such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type b. For more information on the combined vaccines, see HealthLinkBC File #105 Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib) Vaccine.
A series of inactivated polio vaccine can also be given to infants and children who have already received protection from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Hib in other vaccines.
What are possible reactions after the vaccine?
Vaccines are very safe. It is much safer to get the vaccine than to get polio disease.
Common reactions to the vaccine may include fever, and soreness, redness and swelling where the shot was given.
It is important to stay in the clinic for 15 minutes after getting any vaccine because there is an extremely rare possibility of a life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This may include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the throat, tongue or lips. If this happens after you leave the clinic, call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number. This reaction can be treated and occurs in less than 1 in a million people who get the vaccine.
It is important to always report serious or unexpected reactions to your health care provider.
Who should not get the polio vaccine?
Speak with a health care provider if you or your child has had a life-threatening reaction to a previous dose of any polio vaccine or any component of the vaccine, including neomycin, streptomycin or polymyxin B.
What is polio?
Polio is a disease caused by infection with the polio virus. While most polio infections show no symptoms, others can result in paralysis of arms or legs and even death.
Polio can be spread by contact with the bowel movements (stool) of an infected person. This can happen by eating food or drinking water contaminated with stool.
Due to immunization, polio has been eliminated in most parts of the world. In 1994, Canada was certified as a "polio free" country. Within the last 30 years, the only polio cases in British Columbia were unimmunized residents who had contact with polio-infected visitors from another country.
Mature Minor Consent
It is recommended that parents or guardians and their children discuss consent for immunization. Efforts are first made to seek parental/guardian or representative consent prior to immunization. However, children under the age of 19, who are able to understand the benefits and possible reactions for each vaccine and the risk of not getting immunized, can legally consent to or refuse immunizations.